Climate Change

The capacity of agriculture to continue providing services to man is impacted by a changing climate. For example destabilized weather patterns will reduce predictability in farming conditions with increased occurrence of intense natural events such as floods or droughts affecting the productivity of farm yields. Rising temperatures and prolongued drought will affect some regions. Changing temperatures will shift the location and frequency in diseases affecting crops.

Among the strategies needed to address climate change impacts is enhancing conservation of crop genetic resources to breed improved varieties with resistance to climate change adversity.  Major staple crops such as cereals or rice with improved performance under conditions of drought or salinity for instance can help ensure food production under altered growing conditions.

As no country is self-sufficient in the crops used to produce food international collaboration is essential in pooling genetic material to breed better climate change adapted crops.  By ensuring researchers access to crop diversity at a global level genebanks play an important role in promoting adaptability of agriculture under conditions of climate change.

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